Latin America and the Caribbean

Equator Prize Ceremony Honors 21 Indigenous and Local Community Groups [viewed]

equatorinitiative8 December 2015: The Equator Initiative Prize Ceremony, described as the ‘Academy Awards for Sustainable Development,' honored 21 indigenous and local community groups from 19 countries for their “outstanding achievements in advancing sustainable development solutions for people, nature and resilient communities.” The ceremony, which convened on the sidelines of the Paris Climate Change Conference, recognized winners for their contributions and innovations in preventing deforestation, protecting endangered wildlife species, securing land rights and creating jobs for their communities, among other actions.

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IFAD Report Discusses Inclusion of Smallholder Farmers in Adaptation Planning [viewed]

IFAD7 December 2015: The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has released a report outlining approaches to support the participation of smallholder farmers in the development and implementation of climate change adaptation policies. Based on case studies illustrating IFAD's approach to policy engagement, the report concludes that interventions such as producing and communicating evidence, strengthening decision-making institutions, fostering dialogue among stakeholders, and supporting engagement at all levels of decision making, are essential to ensure the realization smallholder farmers' adaptation priorities.

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UNDP and Partners Make the Case for Ecosystem-Based Adaptation [viewed]

making_the_caseDecember 2015: Launched on the sidelines of the Paris Climate Change Conference, a publication by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and partners showcases lessons learned from Nepal, Peru and Uganda in integrating ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) into broader adaptation strategies, and in making the required policy and finance shifts.

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CGIAR Announces Initiative to Increase Soil Carbon Sequestration [viewed]

CGIAR7 December 2015: The CGIAR Consortium announced a five-year initiative that will work with farmers in developing countries to increase carbon sequestration in soil, with the aim of promoting agricultural yields as well as mitigating climate change.

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Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation, Other Commitments Announced [viewed]

unfccc_cop212 December 2015: National and local governments, river basin organizations, civil society and businesses announced the creation of coalitions and initiatives related to water and climate change at an event on ‘Water Resilience' under the Lima to Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), which is convening at the Paris Climate Change Conference. These initiatives include: the Paris Pact on Water and Adaptation, MegaCities Coalition on Water; Business Alliance for Water and Climate Change; Adaptation of the West African coastal areas; and Maritime Regions in Action against Climate Change.

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COP 21 Starts Substantive Negotiations [viewed]

cop21_1dec_iisdrs1 December 2015: Governments began substantive negotiations on the second day of the Paris Climate Change Conference. The Rio Conventions Pavilion and Africa Pavilion, among other organizers of side events, also convened panels on the themes of UNFCCC COP 21.

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LPAA Forest Event Features Commitments to Protect and Restore Forests [viewed]

lpaa1 December 2015: A special event on forests, held as part of the Paris Climate Change Conference and under the Lima-Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), showcased partnerships, commitments and implementation strategies to protect and restore forests, and endorsed them as a key climate solution. The LPAA is a joint undertaking of the Peruvian and French Presidencies of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC, the Office of the UN Secretary-General and the UNFCCC Secretariat.

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PROFOR Investigates How Forests Enhance Climate Resilience of Drinking Water Supply [viewed]

PROFOR24 November 2015: The Program on Forests (PROFOR) has issued a case study demonstrating how forest preservation and restoration can enhance the climate change resilience of drinking water supplies, focusing on Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Issued as a PROFOR Working Paper, the case study was produced in collaboration with the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) of the CIGAR Consortium.

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Ballast Water Management Convention Nears Entry into Force [viewed]

IMONovember 2015: Ghana, Indonesia and Morocco have ratified the Ballast Water Management Convention, according to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), bringing the total number of ratifications to 47 States. The Convention aims to prevent the spread of invasive aquatic species through ships' ballast water by requiring ships to have procedures and standards in place to manage and control ballast water.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Opens with Financial Pledges at Leaders Event [viewed]

iisdrs_cop2130 November 2015: Heads of State and Government attending the Leaders Event on the first day of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) addressed, inter alia: the inclusion of gender for ensuring climate justice; the importance of differentiation; the legal form of the agreement; the periodicity of the review process; transparency and accountability rules; whether or not to anchor loss and damage in a permanent mechanism; the role of natural capital accounting; the link between climate change and development; balancing mitigation and adaptation finance; technology transfer in providing mitigation support; and the need to address the degradation of forests, desertification, and biodiversity loss.

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